Dental veneers is a thin layer of material that is used to hide the appearance of underlying tooth. They can be made of porcelain or composites. They are designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve their appearance. Porcelain Veneers are made in laboratory and bonded to the front prepared surface of the teeth to change their color, shape, size, or length. While Composite Veneers are manually coated over the tooth surface and shaped by dentist himself on dental chair directly inside your mouth. They look like natural teeth and requires minimal damage to tooth surface.
Veneers can be used to correct a wide range of dental issues, such as :
Teeth those are stained so deep inside the enamel and can’t be whitened by bleaching.
Enamel Hyploplasia or dysplasia.
Chipped or worn teeth.
Crooked or misshapen teeth.
Uneven spaces or mild gaps between the upper front teeth.
Mild crowding of teeth.
Fluoride or Tetracycline staining.
A porcelain veneer is a thin shell that is custom-made to fit on the tooth.
Benefits of porcelain veneers :
They are strong and long-lasting.
They have a natural-looking surface
Less tooth enamel surface is needed to be removed than with a crown or cap
They don’t stain easily.
Procedures of porcelain veneers :
The dentist usually removes a small amount of enamel from the front and sides of the teeth surface. This makes space for the veneers so that your teeth look of natural size . The dentist takes an impression of the prepared teeth. The dentist also decides on the veneer shade that will be best for your smile. The impression is sent to a dental lab that custom-makes the porcelain veneers to fit your teeth. This may take few days to complete. The dentist may give you temporary veneers to wear in the meantime.
On next visit, the dentist places the veneers over the teeth surface to check the fit and shape. After any adjustments, the teeth are cleaned and the veneers are bonded to the tooth.
Further changes may be made at a later appointment.
Composite resin veneers :
A composite resin veneer is made from a tooth-colored filling material bonded to the tooth.
Benefits of composite resin veneers :
Usually less tooth enamel needs to be removed than for crowns or porcelain veneers
Single visit procedure
Cheaper than porcelain veneers
Easy to fix if they get damaged;
Procedure of composite resin veneers:
As the teeth are prepared and reshaped, the dentist carefully bonds and sculpts the composite material using a color that is best for you. A blue light is used to harden the composite and bonded it to your teeth surface. The veneers are smoothed and polished to look like natural teeth.
Veneers are not always a good choice for patients who clench or grind their teeth, because the thin veneers may chip or break.
Although your dentist removes as little tooth enamel as possible for veneers, the process cannot be undone once the enamel is removed.
It is possible for veneers to come loose over time. In that case, new ones might be needed.
Regular dental visits are a must for keeping your teeth and gums healthy.